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Agricultural News

Oklahoma Cotton Farmers Double Production in 2014 Versus 2013 Growing Season

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 05:22:06 CDT

Oklahoma Cotton Farmers Double Production in 2014 Versus 2013 Growing Season The 2014 Oklahoma Cotton Crop, while not quite as big as projected a month ago, is still being forecast as being twice as large as the cotton harvest in the state in 2013. More acres- 210,000 acres in 2014 versus 125,000 acres harvested in 2013 is one key- and more pounds of lint grown per acre at 731 pounds an acre in 2014 versus 591 pounds produced in 2013- provided the rest of the increase to end up with 310,000 bales expected to be ginned from the Oklahoma crop in 2014 versus 154,000 produced in 2013.

Other spring planted Oklahoma crops also ended up better than a year ago- especially when you consider bushels or pounds per acre. The corn acres being harvested in 2014 are down 40,000 from a year ago- but a twenty bushel per acre increase for this year's Oklahoma corn crop produced almost the same number of bushels this year as last- 44,550,000. USDA predicts the Oklahoma yield per acre will be 165 bushels per acre.

The grain sorghum crop improved by about five million bushels this year versus last- with Oklahoma farmers set to harvest 19,140,000 bushels this season. The October first estimated yield for milo was 58 bushels per acre- down from the 66 bushels predicted a month earlier.

Soybean production is about the same as a year ago at 10,230,000 bushels- average yield this season coming in at 31 bushels per acre.

Just 16,000 acres of peanuts will be harvested this season- the same as a year ago- and total predicted yield is up slightly from last season- the October estimate is for 3,800 pounds of goobers per acre- that pushes total peanut production in the state to 60,800,000 pounds.

We are just getting the canola acres harvested and yield information in from this fall planted crop that was harvested back in July. Just like the wheat crop, it was a very poor growing season, with many acres abandoned. Still, 165,000 acres were harvested for the tiny canola berry- and yield per acre was way off from a year ago to 800 pounds per acre versus 1,400 in 2013. A year ago- total canola production tallied 208,000,000 pounds- this year, it was a dismal 132,000,000 pounds with a combination of drought and multiple freezes resulting in the disappointing crop for canola.

Finally, the hay harvest is up around 50% from a year ago- total alfalfa production totalled 961,000 tons this year versus 621,000 tons grown last summer. All other hay also registed about a fifty percent increas in overall production- just over six million tons grown and harvested this season versus 4.35 million tones grown in 2013.

Nationally- Corn Production Up Less Than 1 Percent from September Forecast Soybean Production Up Slightly Cotton Production Down 2 Percent Orange Production Up 3 Percent from Last Season Corn production is forecast at 14.5 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 174.2 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from the September forecast and 15.4 bushels above the 2013 average. If realized, this will be the highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the September forecast and down 5 percent from 2013. Acreage updates were made in several States following a thorough review of all available data.

Soybean production is forecast at a record 3.93 billion bushels, up slightly from September and up 17 percent from last year. Based on October 1 conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 47.1 bushels per acre, up 0.5 bushel from last month and up 3.1 bushels from last year. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at a record 83.4 million acres, down less than 1 percent from September but up 9 percent from last year. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data.

All cotton production is forecast at 16.3 million 480-pound bales, down 2 percent from last month but up 26 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 790 pounds per harvested acre, down 31 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 15.7 million 480-pound bales, up 28 percent from 2013. Pima cotton production, forecast at 578,000 bales, was carried forward from last month.

Click here for the complete Crop Production Report from USDA as released on Friday morning.

USDA also published the monthly WASDE report, showing the largest supply demand stocks information for crops and meat production. Click here for the October WASDE report from the Economic Research Service.

A few hours after the reports were released- and the markets had had time to digest a lot of the data, Leslie Smith with the Radio Oklahoma Ag Network talked with Tom Leffler of Leffler about the October reports- he saw no major shocks as provided by USDA in either report. You can listen to Leslie and Tom discuss the numbers by clicking on the LISTEN BAR below.


Leslie Smith talks with Tom Leffler as he reacts to USDA October reports.
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