Latest Crop Progress Numbers Stable as Harvest Underway in Southern States- Pasture Conditions ImproveWed, 05 Sep 2018 05:21:39 CDT
Wth Labor Day now in our rearview mirror, the 2018 harvest is underway in our southern states, with corn and soybean quality starting the season with above-average crop ratings but battling to hold on over the past few weeks. The week ending Sept. 2 showcases mixed results, with soybean crop ratings keeping steady while corn ratings slipped another point, according to the latest USDA Crop Progress report.
Corn crop ratings slipped from 68% rated good-to-excellent the prior week down to 67% last week. Another 21% of the crop is rated fair (up from 20% the prior week), with the remaining 12% rated poor or very poor (unchanged from the prior week).
From a state-by-state perspective, Nebraska continues to lead the charge on crop ratings in the traditional corn belt, with 81% of its crop rated good-to-excellent. Other key production states such as Illinois (75%) and Iowa (74%) also continue to see a better crop rating than the national average. And Missouri (29%) and Texas (29%) continue to represent the lower end of the quality spectrum.
The development of the 2018 corn crop continues its relatively fast pace. Nearly all (96%) of the crop is now at dough stage, versus 2017 and the five-year average, both at 91%. Three-quarters of the crop is now denting, versus 58% a year ago and a five-year average of 60%. And 22% of the crop is at full maturity, versus 11% a year ago and a five-year average of 11%.
Soybean crop condition for the week ending Sept. 2 held steady, with 49% of the crop in good condition and 17% of the crop in excellent condition. With several states trending above the nationwide average, only Missouri (45%) and Kansas (49%) are seeing less than half of their crops in good-to-excellent condition.
USDA reports that 16% of the soybean crop is now dropping leaves, versus 7% a week ago, 10% last year and a five-year average of 9%- so the crop remains slightly ahead of normal crop development.
Farther south, the U.S. cotton crop is also tracking ahead of normal, with 29% of the crop at open-boll stage. Thatís up from 2017ís pace of 24% and the five-year average of 26%. Cotton quality fell another three points, however- moving from 44% in good-to-excellent condition the prior week down to 41%. Last year, 65% of the crop was in similar condition.
Nationally, the Pasture and Range ratings improved two percentage points from a week ago- now standing at 42% in good to excellent condition- but five points under the ratings of 2017. In our region-Oklahoma Pasture and Range ratings improve by one percentage point to 50% good to excellent compared to last week, Texas jumps up two points to 12% good to excellent, Missouri improves by three percentage points to 15% good to excellent while Kansas drops one point to 38% good to excellent. Missouri now has several states in worse shape with their pastures than the Show Me State has- Missouri checks in with 64% of their pastures in poor to very poor condition. The most awful ratings for this week can be seen in Arizona with 76% poor to very poor and Oregon at 72% poor to very poor.
Click or tap here to review the latest USDA Crop Progress report as released on Tuesday September 4, 2018.
In Oklahoma, the only crop that has a harvest figure attached to it is grain sorghum- with 4% of that crop now harvested versus 3% a year ago and for the five year average. Reports on Social Media indicates that corn harvest is active in Oklahoma where weather is permitting- but USDA has no figures in the latest report- click here to review the complete Oklahoma Crop Progress Numbers.
According to this week's Kansas Crop Progress report- the 2019 Winter Wheat Crop is starting to be planting, with one percent of the crop planted thus far- equal to last year and the average- click or tap here to check out the entire report on Kansas crop conditions as of September second.
In Texas- harvest is well underway for Corn, Cotton, Grain Sorghum, Rice and Sunflowers- the corn harvest is now past the halfway mark in the state while grain sorghum harvest is two thirds complete- cotton harvest is active in much of the southern districts up to and including the Blacklands. Click or tap here to read the latest Texas Crop report released this week.
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