USDA Crop Progress Report Shows Fall Harvest Winding Down as Recent Rains Dramatically Improved Soil Moisture Condtions In OklahomaMon, 02 Nov 2020 17:01:43 CST
Turning the calendar over from October to November shows fall harvest and winter wheat planting is mostly complete according to the latest USDA crop progress report.
In the 18 major corn producing states, farmers have harvested 82 percent of the crop, well ahead of the average of 69 percent for this time of year.
Ohio (41 percent) and Michigan (53 percent) trail all other states in the corn harvest progression.
A similar story is playing out for other major crops.
Soybean farmers have harvested 87 percent of their crop, four percentage points ahead of the average.
Cotton producers were slowed by wet weather, but they have completed 52 percent of the harvest, three points ahead of the average.
Kansas (20 percent complete), Oklahoma (28 percent) and South Carolina (23 percent) are lagging behind all other states in getting their cotton harvested.
Grain Sorghum harvest in the six major states is 82 percent complete, 11 points ahead of normal.
Peanut harvest, at 66 percent, is the only crop running behind normal completion by this time of year. Normal peanut harvest for this time is 76 percent complete.
Winter wheat farmers have planted 89 percent of the crop with 71 percent emerged. Both figures are several points improved from last week and ahead of the average.
The recent rain and ice storms in the southern Plains region is showing up in the improved condition of the wheat crop as 43 percent is now rated good to excellent, compared to 41 percent last week. The remainder is listed as 38 percent fair and 19 percent poor to very poor.
Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions have also improved for many regions.
Topsoil surplus is now rated at 9 percent surplus (6 percent last week), 53 percent adequate (48 percent last week), 24 percent short (28 percent) and 14 percent very short this week (18 percent last week).
Subsoil moisture is rated at 6 percent surplus (4 percent last week), 50 percent adequate (48 percent), 28 percent short (31 percent), and 16 percent very short (17 percent last week).
Click here to view the national crop progress report.
Specifically, for Oklahoma, rainfall totals averaged 3.09 inches across Oklahoma last week, with the Northeast district recording the highest totals at 4.46 inches.
Oklahoma topsoil is now rated at 13 percent surplus compared to zero last week, 64 percent adequate (31 percent last week), 13 percent short (42 percent) and 10 percent very short (27 percent last week)
The moisture was badly needed for the winter wheat crop, but it did slow down fall harvest.
Winter wheat planted reached 88 percent, down 4 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
Winter wheat emerged reached 71 percent, down 10 points from the previous year and down 5 points from normal.
Canola planted reached 81 percent, up 32 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
Canola emerged reached 58 percent, up 58 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
Oklahoma corn harvest reached 90 percent, unchanged from the previous year and unchanged from normal.
Grain sorghum harvest reached 60 percent, down 6 points from the previous year and down 10 points from normal.
Oklahoma soybeans farmers have now harvested 42 percent of their crop, up 3 points from the previous year but down 5 points from normal.
Peanuts acres harvested reached 63 percent, down 3 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
Oklahoma cotton harvest reached 28 percent, down 4 points from the previous year and down 6 points from normal.
The fifth cutting of alfalfa hay reached 41 percent, up 41 points from the previous year and up 11 points from normal.
The third cutting of other hay reached 60 percent, up 1 point from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
The fourth cutting of other hay reached 7 percent, up 6 points from the previous year but down 28 points from normal.
Oklahoma pasture and range conditions are rated 29 percent good to excellent, 37 percent fair and 34 percent poor to very poor.
To view the Oklahoma crop progress report, click here.
For Kansas, winter wheat farmers have planted 95 percent of their crop, near the 92 percent mark for this time last year and ahead of the 90 percent average.
Wheat emerged was 77 percent, 3 points ahead of last year and 6 points ahead of the average.
Wheat condition was rated 28 percent good to excellent, 49 percent fair and 23 percent poor to very poor.
Kansas corn farmers have harvested 90 percent, ahead of 80 percent last year, and near the 86 percent average.
Soybeans harvested was 83 percent complete, ahead of 66 percent last year and 72 percent average.
Grain sorghum harvest was 74 percent, ahead of 64 percent last year and 62 percent average.
Kansas cotton harvest was 20 percent complete, ahead of 15 percent last year and 14 percent average.
Sunflowers harvested was 68 percent, ahead of 57 percent last year and 52 percent average.
Kansas pasture and range conditions were rated 26 percent good to excellent, 43 percent fair and 31 percent poor to very poor.
To view the Kansas report, click here.
For Texas, winter wheat seeding continued in some areas of South Texas but seeding slowed in most areas of the High Plains and the Blacklands due to wet field wet field conditions. Although areas of the Edwards Plateau received some precipitation, small grains were still in need of additional moisture.
Emerged winter wheat in some areas of South-Central Texas had burned up due to lack of moisture.
Winter wheat continued to progress in some areas of the Cross Timbers and the Blacklands.
Statewide, Texas wheat producers have planted 76 percent (71 percent last week) of their crop with 57 percent emerged (49 percent last week).
The Texas wheat crop is rated 35 percent good to excellent, 37 percent fair and 28 percent poor to very poor.
Freezing conditions in some areas of the High and Low Plains region of Texas halted cotton harvest. Meanwhile, cotton harvest was nearing completion in South East Texas.
Statewide, cotton harvest was 58 percent complete this week, a 10-point improvement from last week.
Peanut harvest continued in South Texas, the Cross Timbers, and the Southern High Plains.
Pecan harvest continued in some areas of the Cross Timbers, the Edwards Plateau, South Texas, and South-Central Texas.
Citrus harvest continued in the Lower Valley, while vegetables continued to progress.
Supplemental feeding continued in the High Plains, the Edwards Plateau, South Central Texas, the Blacklands and South Texas.
Stock tank levels continued to diminish in some areas of South Texas. Feral hogs continued to be a problem in areas of East Texas and the Blacklands.
To view the Texas crop progress report, click here.
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