USDA Sees 48 Percent Smaller Wheat Oklahoma Crop in 2022 with Farmers to Harvest 60 Million Bushel CropFri, 13 May 2022 06:08:20 CDT
The first field based survey of the 2022 winter wheat crop in the southern plains shows the depth of the drought that wheat producers have been facing since this past fall. Wheat farmers in Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas have been facing the impossible task of trying to raise a crop with virtually no moisture. According to USDA's May World Ag Supply and Demand Estimates, "Abandonment for Winter Wheat is the highest since 2002 with the highest levels in Texas and Oklahoma."
The May first Crop Production Report of USDA spotlighted the wheat production estimates for the 2022 crop- and the Oklahoma crop was pegged at 60 million bushels, 48% less than the 115 million bushels harvested in 2021. The 2022 estimate is forty percent smaller than the five year Oklahoma wheat production estimate of 99.52 million bushels. USDA believes only 2.4 million acres will be harvested and they forecast an average yield of 25 bushels per acre compared to 39 bushels per acre in 2021. That 2.4 million acres is 550,000 acres fewer harvested acres versus 2021- a year that had larger amounts of wheat abandoned than normal as well.
The Oklahoma estimate from USDA is two million bushels more than what the Oklahoma wheat crop tour estimate on May third during the annual meeting of the Oklahoma Grain and Feed Association. The 2022 wheat crop is shaping up to be the worst harvest since 2014 when the state had a 47.6 million bushel crop and a yield of just 17 bushels per acre.
Likewise the Texas crop is well below 2021 levels- USDA sees Texas harvesting 41.6 million bushels- down from the 74 million bushels of 2021, a 42 percent smaller crop- yields are predicted to be five bushels per acre less in 2022 versus 2021 at 32 bushels per acre and the report sees 700,000 fewer acres to be harvested in 2022 versus 2021.
The May first estimate of the 2022 crop in Kansas sees fewer acres abandoned than in Texas and Oklahoma- but a twenty five percent drop in expected yields this season versus last cuts that same percentage of the crop that may be harvested off of the Kansas bottom line. USDA says Kansas will harvest 271 million bushels this year, down from their 364 million bushel crop in 2021- based on a 39 bushel per acre yield estimate- compared to 52 bushel yields seen last season.
The Kansas crop will be examined this coming week by scouts participating in the 2022 Wheat Quality Council Winter Wheat Tour that leaves Manhatten next Tuesday morning.
To view the USDA May Crop Production report (Winter wheat and Hay Stocks)- click here.
Click here for KC Sheperd's review of WASDE with Rich Nelson of Allendale.
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