USW Weekly Harvest Report for June 11, 2021Fri, 11 Jun 2021 08:57:22 CDT
Estimates from USDA Show winter wheat production at 1.31 billion bushels (35.6 MMT), an increase of 12% from last year; spring and durum wheat production estimates are expected in July. The delayed HRW harvest is expected to accelerate as temperatures trend hot. Drought conditions persist in the northern and PNW states, hindering development of SW, HRS and HRW crops grown in the region. SRW harvest pace is picking up with combines rolling in five states.
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HARD RED WINTER
• Crop Progress: Harvest is progressing, but high humidity and isolated showers have delayed harvest in Texas and in
southern Oklahoma. Harvest is 25% complete in Texas and 9% in Oklahoma; test cutting has begun in southern Kansas.
USDA estimates that HRW production will be 771 mil bu (21.0 MMT), a 17% increase from last year.
• Crop Conditions: HRW crop conditions vary from 10% good to excellent in drought-stricken Oregon to 61% in Kansas. The
crop is rapidly developing as temperatures turn hot. In Oklahoma, early reports indicate yields from 35 bu/ac (2.4
tons/ha) to 65 bu/ac (4.4 tons/ha), no test weights below 60 lb/bu (78.9 kg/hl), and an average protein of 11.5% (12%
• Weather: Texas and southern Oklahoma remain wet and humid, but conditions are hot and dry from central Oklahoma
north, favoring ripening conditions. In the northern and PNW growing regions where rain is needed, heat and little to no
moisture are forecast.
• Disease/Pest Pressures: Isolated reports of disease and pest pressures have been noted, including fusarium (head scab),
stripe rust, sawfly and grasshoppers. Quality issues are being closely monitored. Disease pressure remains low in the drier
SOFT RED WINTER
• Crop Progress: SRW harvest is speeding up: Alabama is 28% harvested, Arkansas 11%, North Carolina 10%, Virginia 6%
and Tennessee is 4%. Harvest is expected to begin in Ohio in two weeks. The first samples are expected in the lab next
week. USDA estimates that SRW production will be 335 mil bu (9.1 MMT), a 26% increase over last year.
• Crop Conditions: Across the entire sampling region, the latest crop conditions ranged from 36% good to excellent in North
Carolina to 86% in Alabama, with an overall average of 68% good to excellent.
• Weather: Most of the growing region experienced precipitation (spotty to heavy) and warmer temperatures. Most of the
growing region is expected to receive rainfall over the weekend. The USDA drought monitor shows abnormally dry
conditions continuing in North Carolina and Virginia.
• Crop Progress: Roughly 70% of Oregon's crop is headed; heading is 34% in Washington and 15% in Idaho. USDA currently
estimates soft white winter production at 187 mil bu (5.1 MMT), a 20% decrease from last year.
• Crop Conditions: Drought continues to hinder crop conditions with 21% of the PNW soft white crop rated good to
excellent, down from last week. The drought is also evident in USDA soil condition ratings with Oregon 82% short to very
short, Washington 86% and Idaho 44%.
• Weather: The PNW experienced above average temperatures last week and little to no rainfall. The region continues to
be in moderate to severe drought, with pockets of extreme drought, that has likely already cut yield potential.
HARD RED SPRING
• Crop Progress: Seeding is more than 97% complete. Emergence is ahead of the 5-year average with Minnesota at 97%,
South Dakota 93% and Montana and North Dakota each at about 75%.
• Crop Conditions: HRS crop conditions decreased this week and continue to be the lowest since 1988. By state, Minnesota
is 72% good to excellent, Montana 47%, South Dakota 16% and North Dakota is 32%. Topsoil moisture continues to
decline, North Dakota is 84% short to very short, South Dakota is 78%, Minnesota and Montana are both 51%.
• Weather: Conditions in the HRS growing region are hot and dry with record high temperatures stressing the crop.
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