The 2023 Oklahoma Wheat Harvest Begins

Oklahoma Harvest Report

By: The Oklahoma Wheat Commission

Wednesday May 31, 2023

Oklahoma Wheat Harvest had test cuttings with small deliveries last Thursday evening in Eldorado, OK. Rains over the Memorial Day weekend delayed producers from getting into the fields, but machines started moving across the Southern border of Oklahoma in many locations on Monday and Tuesday this week.  Light rains and high humidity in parts of Southwest Oklahoma will make a slow start today, but producers are hopeful to get rolling in these locations by late this afternoon.   All locations being reported this afternoon are reporting favorable test weights in all locations with ranges from 60-64 lbs. per bushel.  Several locations are reporting 62-64 lbs. per bushel.

Cutting taking place near Altus, Oklahoma. Photo submitted by Jennifer Walters

Moisture has been ranging from 12-13.5%, with most wheat being taken in at around 12.5%.  Early yields being reported in Southern Oklahoma are ranging from the mid 20’s to low 40’s depending on location and management practices. Some high management intensive producers have reported a couple locations to be making in the mid 40’s with one report coming in at 55 bushels per acre.  Most yields being reported are ranging from the low 30’s to low 40’s in Southern and South Central Oklahoma.  Those regions are predicted to have the best overall crop conditions for Oklahoma this year. Protein has not been reported on most early samples throughout the region, although some locations have reported proteins ranging from 12.5% to as high as 15%.

Eldorado- Test weights on early wheat ranging from 60 to 63 lbs. per bushel. No yields reported on early cuttings.

Grandfield/Devol/Chattanooga- Test weights ranging from 62-64 lbs. per bushel. Moisture reported at 12.5% to 13%. Yields ranging mostly from 30 bushels to 40 bushels per acre.

Frederick- Test weights on early cuttings ranging mainly from 60 to 62 lbs. per bushel. Moisture was reported at 12.5% to 12.7%  Yields ranging from the low 30’s to low 40’s on the wheat being harvested.

Tipton- This area suffered more from drought than other areas in South Central, Oklahoma. Yields are being reported from the low 20’s to low 30’s depending on location.  Test weight has been lower on some fields,  but the average for the region is 60 lbs. per bushel.  Moisture was ranging from 12.5% to 13%.

Zeller Farms cutting wheat South of Chattanooga, Oklahoma.

Altus/Duke- Harvest has started in this area with great movement yesterday afternoon.  Light rains and high humidity will make the start slower this afternoon.  Test weights ranging from 60 lbs. to 62 lbs. per bushel. Early yields reported from the high 20’s to low 40’s.

Hobart/Gotebo- A couple loads have just been received in these locations. Test weights reported at 60 to 62 lbs. per bushel. Yields ranging from the mid 20’s to low 30’s.  Early reports indicate this area has struggled harder with drought conditions.

Lawton- A couple loads have been taken in at Lawton.  Test weight was 62 lbs. per bushel, no yields reported. Moisture was 13.5%.

Rocky/Sentinel- Samples have been received at these locations but nothing has been cut, producers were hoping to start late this afternoon or tomorrow.

Below, see the next 1-3 day rain prediction forecast models provided by the Oklahoma Mesonet.  The next Oklahoma Harvest Report will be published on Monday, June 5, 2023, and a regional report will be published by Plains Grain Inc. on Friday, June 2, 2023.

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